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小號入門1- 呼吸 & 嘴型

張貼者:2010年10月28日 上午9:06校友團網管   [ 已更新 2010年11月1日 上午11:11 ]

here同學們,我的英文不好,最重要的嘴型介紹,有一推字我聽不懂,請大家幫忙喔,請英文高手幫我在確認一下喔 ^_@  
我會繼續努力聽多點地,還有6集  ^__@


  
Trumpet Lesson #1 - Air and Embouchure
Produced by the U.S. Army Field Band, Washington, D.C. 

(影片完整英文字幕,請對照影片觀看)


Breathing
Playing the trumpet can be a lot of fun.
On the other hand, it can be difficult and frustrating at times.
Our goal on this presentation is to instill easy to grasp, logical and natural approach to help you or your students gain 
success quickly and with a positive attitude.

Just now.. was you thinking about breathing? 
NO!! Of course not, breathing is natural and automatic.
While playing it's essential to keep your air usage comfortable and relaxed. 
Natural and easy breathing is the key to success.

When playing the trumpet, the air should always being moving, either in or out.
A two part process.

A common mistake among many players is the addition of the third step, making the process: inhalation, hold, exhalation.
By holding the breath even for a second, you create tension the results in a choked or thin tone.
(錯誤示範)

You can quickly gain the basic concept of an open relaxed breath by using the words "How Two".
The first step to an open breath is to have a good posture with you torso upright and tall.
Say the word "How" silently which will open the throat and allow a more silent deep breath that extends down to the abdomen.
Your abdomen should move out without the shoulders rising.

For the exhalation, say the word "Two". Think of blowing out the candles on a birthday cake.
The air should rush out the steady flow while maintaining the same open throat feeling as with your inhalation.
Notice all the inhalation flows directly into the exhalation, there is no middle step of holding air back.
Try to make this type of breathing a part of your everyday practice.

Most problems on the trumpet can be traced back to the improper air usage.
A great breathing exercise is to put a piece of paper on a music stand and an angle slide away from you.
Take one step back. With the full breath, focus your air and try to blow the paper out of the stand.
Once you can do that easily, take another small step back and try it again.
You'll need to move a good volume of air as well as a focus stream to blow the paper off a greater distance.

Another great way to practice moving lots of air is to use a plastic tube.
A tube with the diameter between three quarter and one and one half inches is best.
Or you can simply roll up a piece of paper if you don't have a plastic tube available.
Exercise you can try with the tube or the paper micro something like this.
Place the tube between your teeth, then take five relax inhales and exhales without any break.
(吸吐五次)

Now, take additional five inhales and exhale without that tube but add the "Two" syllable to the exhalations.
(How Two五次)

Now, immediately play a relax note on the trumpet. 
The objective is to transfer the feeling of the tube breathing to the trumpet.

It's very very important to do the exercise from tube to trumpet without any break.
So your body can immediately replicate the sensation before your mind can incorporate bad habits and tension.

Some problems you should be aware of 
including  * Breathing from the chest instead of the abdomen.
               * the shoulder's rising towards the air due to tension
               * and the sound of "hiss" which means your throat has become close or become more tight.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Embouchure

Now that our breathing is efficient and relaxed.
 It's time to put the mouthpiece on the embouchure.
The embouchure is the placement of lips, facial muscles and jaw while playing the trumpet.
A good embouchure when combine proper air usage, allows the player develop and maintain good tone quality, range, flexibility and endurance.

Although the embouchure were very slightly from player to player, a good embouchure generally exhibits the same fundamental characteristics.
The lip should be slightly rolled in, the corners firm, the muscle of chin hold down in front of you.
Don't push your lips together at the aperture instead feel as though you're holding them apart.
You can simulate the feeling by placing a small straw between your teeth as scribe the segment how to start a beginner.

Now let's place the mouthpiece on the embouchure. 
You can use a mirror to check your mouthpiece placement.
The placement should be as symmetrical as possible. 
I mean centered left to right and top to bottom.
This is a suggest placement, but different players will vary slightly based on the lip shapes and dental formation.
As a general rule, drastic non-symmetrical placement should be avoided.
The embouchure and mouthpiece should be wet for most players, just enough moisture so it doesn't stick.
Minimize your mouthpiece pressure, just makes a good seal.
With lips on the even plane of teeth, you should be able to see four quadrants of red.
No lip is over lapping one another, the teeth are slightly apart, and the embouchure is in line with the space between the teeth.
This is the result the trumpet having somewhat downward angle while you play.

Finally, we are ready to make a sound on a mouthpiece.
Too often, players try to buzz on the mouthpiece, rare than have it happened naturally.
To find the correct balance between aperture focus and volume of air, try this exercise:
After breathing in, form your embouchure just as you begin to blow. 
Rather than trying to buzz, start with a wide aperture so only air is heard.
Gradually focus the air stream while continue to blow fully.
A buzz will happen naturally as a result of the balance between airflow and focus.

Once buzzing occurs, it's important to learn to focus the vibration into the most efficient and concentrated sound possible.
Making the aperture too small will reduce the air volume, dampen the lip vibration and produce overly pain sound.
(錯誤示範)

A proper aperture size with good balance of lip tension and air pressure produces an ideal sound.

An ideal sound can only be produced with that full-open breath we practice earlier.

And again, the embouchure is unique to each individual, try to incorporate some of the basic concepts we giving you as a  
guideline, What matters is the "sound", not the "look".

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